多囊卵巢综合征 / PCOS

如你有此疾病,請遵照閣下醫生的完整醫療方案;而是否使用多學科復康方案前,你必須咨詢主診醫生的意見,如果閣下的主診醫生不建議您加入補充劑調理組合,請你不要使用。如果你需要尋求其他醫生作第二咨詢,閣下可聯絡我們線上<無邊界醫生>。或你自己城市內的其他專業醫生的再診斷。


多囊卵巢综合征(PCOS)

多囊卵巢综合征(PCOS)是一种影响女性卵巢功能的常见疾病。

多囊卵巢综合征的3个主要特征是:

月经不规律-这意味着你的卵巢不会定期释放卵子(排卵)

雄激素过多-体内“雄性”激素水平过高,可能导致面部或体毛过多等体征

多囊卵巢-卵巢变大,卵子周围有许多充满液体的囊(卵泡)(尽管名称不同,如果你患有多囊卵巢综合征,你实际上没有囊肿)

如果你至少有两个这样的特征,你可能被诊断为多囊卵巢综合征。

多囊卵巢

多囊卵巢含有大量无害的卵泡,大小可达8毫米(约0.3英寸)。

卵泡是发育不全的囊,卵在其中发育。在多囊卵巢综合征中,这些囊通常不能释放卵子,这意味着排卵不发生。

很难确切知道有多少女性患有多囊卵巢综合征,但这被认为是非常普遍的,在英国,每10名女性中就有1人受到影响。

超过一半的女性没有任何症状。

多囊卵巢综合征(PCOS)的症状

如果你有多囊卵巢综合征的迹象和症状,它们通常会在你十几岁或20岁出头的时候变得明显。

它们可以包括:

月经不规律或根本没有月经

排卵不规律或排卵失败导致怀孕困难

毛发过度生长(多毛症)–通常在面部、胸部、背部或臀部

体重增加

头发稀疏和头部脱发

油性皮肤或痤疮

多囊卵巢综合征还与晚年出现健康问题的风险增加有关,如2型糖尿病和高胆固醇水平。

多囊卵巢综合征(PCOS)的病因是什么?

多囊卵巢综合征的确切病因尚不清楚,但它通常发生在家庭中。

它与体内激素水平异常有关,包括胰岛素水平过高。

胰岛素是一种控制体内糖分水平的激素。

许多患有多囊卵巢综合征的妇女对体内胰岛素的作用产生抵抗,并产生更高水平的胰岛素来克服这种情况。

这有助于增加睾酮等激素的产生和活性。

超重或肥胖也会增加你身体产生的胰岛素量


If you have this disease, please follow your doctor's complete medical plan. You must consult the attending doctor before using the multidisciplinary rehabilitation plan. If your attending doctor does not recommend you to join the supplement conditioning combination, please do not use it. If you need to seek second consultation from other doctors, you can contact our online "Doctors Without Borders". Or another professional doctor in your own city.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common condition that affects how a woman's ovaries work.

The 3 main features of PCOS are:

  • irregular periods – which means your ovaries do not regularly release eggs (ovulation)
  • excess androgen – high levels of "male" hormones in your body, which may cause physical signs such as excess facial or body hair
  • polycystic ovaries – your ovaries become enlarged and contain many fluid-filled sacs (follicles) that surround the eggs (but despite the name, you do not actually have cysts if you have PCOS)

If you have at least 2 of these features, you may be diagnosed with PCOS.

Polycystic ovaries

Polycystic ovaries contain a large number of harmless follicles that are up to 8mm (approximately 0.3in) in size.

The follicles are underdeveloped sacs in which eggs develop. In PCOS, these sacs are often unable to release an egg, which means ovulation does not take place.

It's difficult to know exactly how many women have PCOS, but it's thought to be very common, affecting about 1 in every 10 women in the UK.

More than half of these women do not have any symptoms.

Symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

If you have signs and symptoms of PCOS, they'll usually become apparent during your late teens or early 20s.

They can include:

PCOS is also associated with an increased risk of developing health problems in later life, such as type 2 diabetes and high cholesterol levels.

What causes polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)?

The exact cause of PCOS is unknown, but it often runs in families.

It's related to abnormal hormone levels in the body, including high levels of insulin.

Insulin is a hormone that controls sugar levels in the body.

Many women with PCOS are resistant to the action of insulin in their body and produce higher levels of insulin to overcome this.

This contributes to the increased production and activity of hormones like testosterone.

Being overweight or obese also increases the amount of insulin your body produces


Ref:: https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/polycystic-ovary-syn...

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