心血管疾病-多學科復康方案 / Cardiovascular disease (MRP)

如你有此疾病,請遵照閣下醫生的完整醫療方案;而是否使用多學科復康方案前,你必須咨詢主診醫生的意見,如果閣下的主診醫生不建議您加入補充劑調理組合,請你不要使用。如果你需要尋求其他醫生作第二咨詢,閣下可聯絡我們線上<無邊界醫生>。或你自己城市內的其他專業醫生的再診斷。

心血管疾病

关键事实

心血管疾病是全球第一大死因:每年死于心血管疾病的人数超过其他任何原因。

据估计,2016年有1790万人死于心血管疾病,占全球死亡人数的31%。在这些死亡中,85%是由于心脏病发作和中风。

超过四分之三的心血管疾病死亡发生在低收入和中等收入国家。2015年,1700万人(70岁以下)因非传染性疾病过早死亡,其中82%的人死于中低收入国家,37%的人死于心血管疾病。大多数心血管疾病都可以通过解决行为风险因素来预防,如吸烟、不健康饮食和肥胖、缺乏体育锻炼和使用有害的酒精等。心血管疾病患者或心血管高危人群(由于存在一个或多个风险因素,如高血压、糖尿病、高脂血症或已确定的疾病)需要及早发现并酌情使用咨询和药物进行管理。

什么是心血管疾病?

心血管疾病(CVD)是一组心脏和血管疾病,包括:

冠心病——供应心肌的血管疾病;

脑血管疾病——供应大脑的血管疾病;

外周动脉疾病-供应手臂和腿部的血管疾病;

风湿性心脏病-链球菌引起的风湿热对心肌和心脏瓣膜的损害;

先天性心脏病-出生时存在的心脏结构畸形;

深静脉血栓形成和肺栓塞——腿部静脉中的血块,可以脱落并转移到心脏和肺部。

心脏病发作和中风通常是急性事件,主要由阻止血液流向心脏或大脑的阻塞引起。最常见的原因是脂肪沉积在供应心脏或大脑的血管内壁。中风也可由脑血管出血或血块引起。心脏病发作和中风的原因通常是多种危险因素的综合作用,如吸烟、不健康饮食和肥胖、缺乏运动和有害饮酒、高血压、糖尿病和高脂血症。

If you have this disease, please follow your doctor's complete medical plan. You must consult the attending doctor before using the multidisciplinary rehabilitation plan. If your attending doctor does not recommend you to join the supplement conditioning combination, please do not use it. If you need to seek second consultation from other doctors, you can contact our online "Doctors Without Borders", or another professional doctor in your own city.

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs)

Key facts
  • CVDs are the number 1 cause of death globally: more people die annually from CVDs than from any other cause.
  • An estimated 17.9 million people died from CVDs in 2016, representing 31% of all global deaths. Of these deaths, 85% are due to heart attack and stroke.
  • Over three quarters of CVD deaths take place in low- and middle-income countries.
  • Out of the 17 million premature deaths (under the age of 70) due to noncommunicable diseases in 2015, 82% are in low- and middle-income countries, and 37% are caused by CVDs.
  • Most cardiovascular diseases can be prevented by addressing behavioural risk factors such as tobacco use, unhealthy diet and obesity, physical inactivity and harmful use of alcohol using population-wide strategies.
  • People with cardiovascular disease or who are at high cardiovascular risk (due to the presence of one or more risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidaemia or already established disease) need early detection and management using counselling and medicines, as appropriate.

What are cardiovascular diseases?

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are a group of disorders of the heart and blood vessels and they include:

  • coronary heart disease – disease of the blood vessels supplying the heart muscle;
  • cerebrovascular disease – disease of the blood vessels supplying the brain;
  • peripheral arterial disease – disease of blood vessels supplying the arms and legs;
  • rheumatic heart disease – damage to the heart muscle and heart valves from rheumatic fever, caused by streptococcal bacteria;
  • congenital heart disease – malformations of heart structure existing at birth;
  • deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism – blood clots in the leg veins, which can dislodge and move to the heart and lungs.

Heart attacks and strokes are usually acute events and are mainly caused by a blockage that prevents blood from flowing to the heart or brain. The most common reason for this is a build-up of fatty deposits on the inner walls of the blood vessels that supply the heart or brain. Strokes can also be caused by bleeding from a blood vessel in the brain or from blood clots. The cause of heart attacks and strokes are usually the presence of a combination of risk factors, such as tobacco use, unhealthy diet and obesity, physical inactivity and harmful use of alcohol, hypertension, diabetes and hyperlipidaemia.

Ref: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/cardiovascular-diseases-(cvds)

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